1. Yamas: The 5 yamas as listed by Patanjali in The Yoga Sutras are considered to be moral and ethical imperatives in Hinduism.
-Ahimsa - nonviolence or nonharm to any living creature
-Satya - Truthfulness in all actions
-Asteya - non-stealing
-Bramhacarya - showing sexual constraint, abstinence, ascetism; fidelity in marriage
-Aparigraha - non-greed, non-possessiveness; having temperance
2. Niyamas: The 5 virtuous habits according to The Yoga Sutras
-Saucas - purity and cleanliness of mind, speech, and body
-Santosas - to have contentment for one's self and others regardless of the circumstances
-Tapas - to have austerity, persistence, determination, and perserverance
-Svadhyaya - study of the vedas; study of self through introspection of the five senses, study of own thoughts, thought patterns, and actions
-Isvarapranidhana - contemplation of the Divine, Supreme Being, Universe, Ishvara
3. Asanas: Yoga poses (108 asanas) that should be repeated until mastered by the student; asana also refers to a yogi remaining perfectly still while in a seated posture such as Sukhasana or Siddhasana.
-to remain steady and motionless while in a yoga posture
according to Patanjali the asana should be "steady and pleasant"
-prana means breath, and yama means extending or stretching
-consciously regulating the inhale and exhale, the time and length, and suspension of the breath through various pranayama techniques
-prati means "against or contra" and ahara means to bring near
-withdrawal of the external senses so that they are focused inward on the internal self
-awareness is drawn inward and the mind -is turned away from external sensory influences
6. Dharana: 6th limb of yoga
-concentration in an introspective manner
-fixing the mind so that it has one-pointed focus
-accomplished through utilization of mantras, mudras, tongue placement in mouth, etc.
7. Dhyana - Contemplation of dharana practice
-reflection and contemplation of the dharana practice
-the mind processing subject matter from dharana experience (this is usually also a one-pointed focus)
8. Samadhi: The last of the 8 limbs where the mind becomes absorbed into a greater, higher sense of self and reality through meditation
-means "joining, combining, or bringing together in a harmonious state
-state of "oneness" through contemplation and meditation
-sense of bliss